The spectrum of pediatric disorders varies greatly from those encountered in adults, providing an important role for the specialists in pediatric imaging. Congenital, metabolic and developmental disorders are focused in this area, along with the more common problems of trauma and abuse.

Pediatric radiologists are specially trained in performing and interpreting cross-sectional imaging studies, gastrointestinal and genitourinary procedures in infants and children, with special attention to the unique emotional needs of these patients and their families.