Pain – aching pain when an individual has been standing or sitting for long periods of time and pressure builds up on the affected veins. Typically, painful varicoceles are prominent in size.
Fertility Problems – There is an association between varicoceles and infertility. The incidence of varicocele increases to 30 percent in infertile couples.
Testicular Atrophy – Shrinking of the testicles is another sign of varicoceles. Often, once the testicle is repaired it will return to normal size.
Typical on left side of scrotum.
Scrotum looks like a “bag of worms”.
Abnormal blood flow can often be detected with a non-invasive imaging exam called color flow ultrasound or through a venogram – an X-ray in which a special dye is injected into the veins to “highlight” blood vessel abnormalities.