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Osteoporosis is a leading cause of disability among older women and men. Bones weakened by mineral loss are prone to fractures, especially in the spine and hip. Low bone density is measured by a number of techniques. These techniques all measure bone mineralization and detect osteoporosis or bone loss due to menopause, medications or other risk factors.

DEXA (dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry) scan is one of the most widely used detectors of bone mineral density. The use of low dose radiation in conjunction with highly sophisticated computerized analysis provides unique and accurate information about bone density. One of our board-certified radiologists will interpret the results. Your test results will assist your physician in determining if treatment for bone loss is necessary.

Risk Factors for Osteoporosis

Post-menopausal women are at the greatest risk of developing osteoporosis but it is also common in men. Your risk may increase with any of these factors:

  • Family history of osteoporosis
  • Caucasian or Asian descent
  • Thin or small build
  • Early menopause
  • Smoking
  • Excessive alcohol use
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Steroids and thyroid medications
  • Too little calcium
  • Estrogen deficiency
  • History of bone fractures
  • Diagnosis of primary hyperparathyroidism
  • Spine abnormalities
  • Steroid therapy or osteoporosis drug therapy
  • Long-term use of certain drugs
  • Over the age of 65

Please take into consideration that even if you do not have any of these risk factors, you may still have or develop osteoporosis.

How to read the results of your bone densitometry.